So what exactly is red light therapy? Well, red light, as a standalone short wavelength system, is for treating the skin and superficial conditions (dermatological applications) as it cannot penetrate deep into the body.
Red light wavelengths combined with one or more infrared light (long) wavelengths is now referred to as Photobiomodulation Therapy (PBMT). Photobiomodulation therapy is the application of red and near-infrared light to tissue that has been compromised by injury, disease, or degeneration. It is the use of these clinically-determined wavelengths that increases circulation and the synthesis of cellular energy. This light energy is readily absorbed by chromophores in the mitochondria of the body’s cells, which activates metabolic energy processes. These wavelengths of light promote ATP production, which boosts energy transport within cells, leading to increased healthy cell function and cell proliferation.
The natural metabolic processes are enhanced by PBMT to help reduce the damaging effects of oxidative stress. Oxidative stress, or an influx of free radicals in the body, has been linked to health issues from wrinkles to more serious diseases like diabetes and cancer. Photobiomodulation therapy helps promote the body’s natural processes for metabolizing free radicals and minimizing the damage they cause. This boost in the body’s natural healing cycle helps reduce inflammation and promotes healing of damaged tissue. PBMT increases the rate and quality of tissue repair, improves muscle performance, enhances recovery, and reduces pain. PBMT is a safe and relaxing mode of recovery that has no known negative side effects.